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He was also a cleric in the Church of England. However, his fame lies almost entirely on his significance in the field of metaphysical poetry. His poems have followed basically two themes- love and god. A lot of his poems derive matter from his personal life, particularly his marriage with Anne More.
Donne was born in London in His father died when he was just 4 years old and his mother remarried. He faced many challenges in his life since his biological father; also called John Donne; as well as his mother had been Catholics.
He even failed to attain degree from Oxford and Cambridge due to his Catholicism. However, he married Anne More in Donne even had to spend some time in Fleet Prison till his marriage was proved valid. He had 12 children with Anne.
He also served as a member of Parliament in between but his later years were spent at the church. His Latin translations and sermons are also well known. His earliest poems are full of criticism of English society. His early career is also known for his erotic poems.
However, his later poetry is far more somber in tone. His financial, social, religious and psychological struggles are believed to have contributed significantly in intensifying the seriousness in his later poems. His preferences for poetic subjects are also believed to have followed the changing situations of his life.
During his youth, he basically produced love poems while during his later years, his concern was for religious poems. His style is the most typical example of metaphysical poetry.
Particular use of Wit and Conceit; application of paradoxes; employment of unique metaphors and similes; and, Discordia Concors are all visible in his poems very clearly. His poems, thus, could be used as examples for clarifying the concept of Metaphysical poetry. His poetic style is also marked by abrupt openings.
He is known for making poetry personal unlike the trends in classical poetry. His poetic meter is such that his diction resembles casual language a lot.
His language was, more or less, a reaction to the smoothness of Elizabethan poetry. Multiple Choice Questions on John Donne 1.
John Donne married Anne More in:Lecture 4 The 17th Century Literature(1 st hour), John Donne, Metaphysical poetry ， (2nd hour), John Bunyan, The Pilgrim’s Progress.
Part one The 17th century literature. I.
The Weakening of the Tie Between Monarchy and Bourgeoisie: Slideshow by sidney. John Donne was an English poet, satirist, lawyer and priest. He is considered the pre-eminent representative of the metaphysical poets. His works are noted for their strong, sensual style and include sonnets, love poetry, religious poems, Latin translations, epigrams, elegies, songs, satires and sermons.
John Donne was the leader and founder of the metaphysical school of poetry. Dryden used this word at first and said that Donne “affects the metaphysics”.
Among other metaphysical poets are Abraham Cowley, Henry Vaughan, Richard Crashaw, Andrew Marvell, George Herbert, Robert Herrick etc.
In the book, Johnson wrote about a group of 17th-century British poets that included John Donne, George Herbert, Richard Crashaw, Andrew Marvell and Henry Vaughan. In many ways W;t mirrors and parodies the poetry of John Donne. ` Donne too plays with language, analyses death from a detached perspective but finally confronts his .
If you’ve been studying John Donne’s metaphysical poetry, you’ve probably noticed that his works are riddled with different symbols and motifs. Embedded throughout his poetry, these literary devices may seem slightly abstruse to the reader.