He revolutionized mathematics by developing probability theory, wrote one of the first masterpieces of French prose, made important contributions to the science of hydrostatics, and authored one of the most influential theological works in Christian philosophy. The name Pascal is given to the unit of measurement for pressure, the arithmetic triangle, a programming language, as well as an apologetic argument. Even more, Pascal is the inventor of the first calculator and the first public transportation system. Being such a world-changing genius with so many accomplishments in his life, what did Pascal see as most important in life?
From this discussion, the notion of expected value was introduced. The work done by Fermat and Pascal into the calculus of probabilities laid important groundwork for Leibniz ' formulation of the calculus.
The work was unpublished until over a century after his death. Here, Pascal looked into the issue of discovering truths, arguing that the ideal of such a method would be to found all propositions on already established truths.
At the same time, however, he claimed this was impossible because such established truths would require other truths to back them up—first principles, therefore, cannot be reached. Based on this, Pascal argued that the procedure used in geometry was as perfect as possible, with certain principles assumed and other propositions developed from them.
Nevertheless, there was no way to know the assumed principles to be true. He distinguished between definitions which are conventional labels defined by the writer and definitions which are within the language and understood by everyone because they naturally designate their referent.
The second type would be characteristic of the philosophy of essentialism. Pascal claimed that only definitions of the first type were important to science and mathematics, arguing that those fields should adopt the philosophy of formalism as formulated by Descartes.
In De l'Art de persuader "On the Art of Persuasion"Pascal looked deeper into geometry's axiomatic methodspecifically the question of how people come to be convinced of the axioms upon which later conclusions are based. Pascal agreed with Montaigne that achieving certainty in these axioms and conclusions through human methods is impossible.
He asserted that these principles can be grasped only through intuition, and that this fact underscored the necessity for submission to God in searching out truths. Contributions to the physical sciences An illustration of the apocryphal Pascal's barrel experiment Pascal's work in the fields of the study of hydrodynamics and hydrostatics centered on the principles of hydraulic fluids.
His inventions include the hydraulic press using hydraulic pressure to multiply force and the syringe. He proved that hydrostatic pressure depends not on the weight of the fluid but on the elevation difference.
He demonstrated this principle by attaching a thin tube to a barrel full of water and filling the tube with water up to the level of the third floor of a building. This caused the barrel to leak, in what became known as Pascal's barrel experiment. ByPascal had learned of Evangelista Torricelli 's experimentation with barometers.
Having replicated an experiment that involved placing a tube filled with mercury upside down in a bowl of mercury, Pascal questioned what force kept some mercury in the tube and what filled the space above the mercury in the tube.
At the time, most scientists contended that, rather than a vacuumsome invisible matter was present. This was based on the Aristotelian notion that creation was a thing of substance, whether visible or invisible; and that this substance was forever in motion.
Furthermore, "Everything that is in motion must be moved by something," Aristotle declared. As proof it was pointed out: Light passed through the so-called "vacuum" in the glass tube. Aristotle wrote how everything moved, and must be moved by something.
Therefore, since there had to be an invisible "something" to move the light through the glass tube, there was no vacuum in the tube.
Not in the glass tube or anywhere else.Blaise Pascal (–) Blaise Pascal was a French philosopher, mathematician, scientist, inventor, and theologian.
In mathematics, he was an early pioneer in the fields of . As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Blaise Pascal (/ p æ ˈ s k æ l, p ɑː ˈ s k (–), who also had an interest in science and mathematics, was a local judge and member of the "Noblesse de Robe".
Pascal had two sisters, the younger Jacqueline and the elder Gilberte.
Pascal continued to influence mathematics throughout his Era: 17th-century philosophy. Blaise Pascal’s inventions and discoveries have helped form in what is mathematics today.
Best known for laying the foundation for the modern theory of probabilities, Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist and religious philosopher. Without his studies, many questions and theories in. Blaise Pascal (–) It was a grim period for all the Pascals; Excellence in science and mathematics, he argued, requires both capabilities.
It was Pascal’s good fortune to possess both l’esprit de finesse and l’esprit géométrique in rare and powerful abundance. 4. Philosophy of Science and Theory of Knowledge. Watch video · Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist and religious philosopher, who laid the foundation for the modern theory of probabilities.
Mathematician Blaise Pascal was born on June 19, Born: Jun 19,