For someone like myself, gaining those insights can become addictive, and that fixation has led me to study 15 different languages.
There are about million native speakers people who use English as their first language which is the largest after Mandarin and Spanish. About million more people use it as their second language.
It is often used in work and travel, and there are at least a billion people who are learning it. This makes English the second most spoken language, and the most international language in the world.
English has changed and developed over time. English grammar has also become very different from other Germanic languages, without becoming much like Romance languages. They made their home in the south and east of the island, pushing out the Celtic Britons who were there before them, or making them speak the English language instead of the old Celtic languages.
Some people still speak Celtic languages today, in English not english Welsh and elsewhere.
Irish Gaelic is spoken by very few people today. The Germanic dialects of these different tribes became what is now called Old English. The word "English" comes from the name of the Angles: Old English did not sound or look much like the English spoken today.
If English speakers today were to hear or read a passage in Old English, they would understand just a few words. The closest language to English that is still used today is Frisianspoken by aboutpeople living in the NetherlandsGermany and Denmark.
It is much like English, and many words are the same. The two languages were even closer before Old English changed to Middle English. Today, speakers of the two languages would not be able to understand each other. Dutch is spoken by over 20 million people, and is more distant from English.
German is even bigger, and even more distant. All these languages belong to the same West Germanic family as English. For example, around AD, many Danish and Norse piratesalso called Vikingscame to the country, established Danelaw.
So, English got many Norse loanwords. Their languages were Germanic languageslike Old English, but are a little different. They are called the North Germanic languages. When William the Conqueror took over England in AD, he brought his nobleswho spoke Normana language closely related to French.
English changed a lot because it was mostly being spoken instead of written for about years, because all official documents were written in Norman French. English borrowed many words from Norman at that time, and also began to drop the old word endings.
English of this time is called Middle English. Geoffrey Chaucer is a well known writer of Middle English. After more sound changes, Middle English became Modern English. Because scientists from different countries needed to talk to one another, they chose names for scientific things in the languages they all knew: Those words came to English also, for example, photography "photo-" means "light" "and "-graph " means "picture" or "writing", in Greek.
English grammar has also changed, becoming simpler and less Germanic. The classic example is the loss of case in grammar. Grammatical case shows the role of a noun, adjective or pronoun in a sentence. In Latin and other Indo-European languages this is done by adding suffixesbut English usually does not.
The style of English is that meaning is made clear more by context and syntax. The history of the British Empire has added to the spread of English.
English is an important language in many places today. Because the United Kingdom the country where England is and the United States have historically been powerful in commerce and governmentmany people find it helpful to learn English to communicate in science, business, and diplomacy.
English literature has many famous stories and plays. William Shakespeare was a famous English writer of poems and plays. His English is Early Modern Englishand not quite like what people speak or write today.
Early Modern English sounded different, partly because the language was beginning a "great vowel shift".English as a Second Language (ESL) for Teachers and Students.
Whether you are a teacher looking for ESL teaching materials, a beginner who's just starting out, or an advanced student who wants to hone and polish reading comprehension, conversation, and .
Feb 26, · English will most likely not become the dominant world language as more people speak more than one language, a language expert reports. May 01, · English has always been the primary language used in the United States, but as the number of non-English speaking immigrants increases, many Americans feel the need to make English official not only in practice, but in law.
Not all non-native speakers have trouble communicating in English. Many speak at a native level, but many do not. The ability to communicate with people who speak a limited amount of English is actually a skill that can be developed over time with practice.
The BBC 6 Minute English is one of the best podcasts for English learners. kaja-net.com is updated weekly with new 6-minute episodes. Listen and read the recent conversations, giving examples and explanations of interesting topics.
Dec 31, · English is not our official language now, and that means government has to provide services in dozens of languages to accommodate a non-English-speaking population. By catering to non-English.