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A Glimpse of the Way Things Were. It is the year Grant is in the White House after being elected president following a successful victory in the Civil War. Walrus mustaches are popular among men, and top hats are in.
The Department of Justice is created as a government agency. The current Cape Hatteras Lighthouse is placed in service, the transcontinental railroad celebrates its 1 year anniversary. North Manhattan is wild forests. Staten Island is similar with a smattering of farms.
But, horse drawn carriages and small steam locomotive drawn street cars were the way to travel anywhere out of walking distance within the city. There are no bridges or tunnels spanning the East or Hudson Rivers.
The Brooklyn Bridge would not be opened until and the Manhattan, Williamsburg, Queensboro or George Washington Bridges would not be built until many years after that.
The only way to transport anything to these locations was by water: If you found it necessary to go from Brooklyn or Queens to Manhattan, or from Staten Island or New Jersey to Manhattan, you would have to take a ferry. The waterborne vessels of this period are powered either by wind and sail or primitive steam power and coal is starting to increase as the fuel of choice for furnaces and boilers, which are used for heat or propulsion power.
The "second" industrial revolution is underway in earnest, and the mass production of consumer goods is taking hold. To get the raw materials, commodities and items from the mainland to Long Island, everything was shipped by water from New Jersey to Manhattan and Long Island.
Today, it is difficult to envision this isolation with the myriad of bridges, highways, and tunnels and gridlock! As a result of this waterborne traffic, many dockside terminals and warehouses were built around the New York City proper for storage.
The large mainland trunk line or known later on as Class 1 railroads had their own equipment and properties; namely: To get the commodities to the New Jersey shoreline; many railroads, their locomotives themselves powered by steam, have built a vast network of tracks radiating towards the New York area.
In the pre-float bridge days, freight had to be manually transferred at the docks and wharves from newly arrived trains to barges and lighters a lighter is essentially a barge with a enclosed structure on it, similar in design to a one room warehouse.
Of the lighters that carried products that need to be kept chilled, i. This was a time consuming and back breaking method, of having to unload a freight car on the dock, load it onto a lighter or barge, transport the lighter cross-harbor out of New Jersey, then unload it.
Then repeat the process again for the trip back.Jun 17, · Helen’s new life in Los Angeles seems perfect; Noah’s definitely does not.
But things are rarely so simple in this show of shifting perspectives. The first novel is definitely the hardest! You think you have internalized how a story works as a reader and then you discover there is so much more to learn.
In this article, Natasa Lekic from New York Book Editors takes us through five problems that are common in first novels and how to avoid them. The experience of writing your first draft can be a .
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF-USA) is pleased to announce its paid Internship Program. Interns gain practical work experience and support the work of our Communications, Development, Program, Human Resources (both for the field and the office), and Executive departments.
Hello & Welcome! This website is a compilation of the histories of the offline freight terminals, industrial concerns with railroad operations and pier stations that were operated by railroads and that were located throughout .
International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks (IJDSN) is a JCR ranked, peer-reviewed, open access journal that focuses on applied research and applications of sensor networks.A large number of important applications depend on sensor networks interfacing with the real world.
The Little Prince (French: Le Petit Prince; French pronunciation: [lə pəti pʁɛ̃s]), first published in April , is a novella, the most famous work of French aristocrat, writer, poet, and pioneering aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry..
The novella has been voted the best book of the 20th century in France. Translated into languages and dialects, selling nearly two million copies.